Learn More about Umar Bin Abdul Aziz: A Film that Shows the Rise and Fall of a Righteous Caliph
Free Download Film Umar Bin Abdul Aziz: A Biography of the Eighth Umayyad Caliph
If you are looking for a film that depicts the life and achievements of one of the most influential figures in Islamic history, you might want to check out Free Download Film Umar Bin Abdul Aziz. This film tells the story of Umar bin Abdul Aziz, who was the eighth caliph of the Umayyad dynasty that ruled over most of the Muslim world from 661 to 750 CE. He is widely regarded as a pious and respected leader who attempted to preserve the integrity of the Muslim Umayyad caliphate by emphasizing religion and a return to the original principles of the Islamic faith. He is also considered as a mujaddid (renewer) and a righteous caliph by many Muslims, especially Sunnis.
free download film umar bin abdul aziz
In this article, we will give you an overview of who Umar bin Abdul Aziz was, what he did, and why he is important for Muslims today. We will also tell you where you can download this film for free and watch it at your convenience. So, without further ado, let's get started.
Early Life and Education of Umar bin Abdul Aziz
Umar bin Abdul Aziz was born in Medina, Arabia (now in Saudi Arabia) in 682 or 683 CE. His father, Abd al-Aziz ibn Marwan, was a governor of Egypt, and his mother, Umm Asim bint Asim, was a granddaughter of Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab (the second caliph after Prophet Muhammad). He was also a cousin of Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, who was his father's elder brother.
Umar received a traditional education in Medina, where he studied under various scholars and learned about the Quran, Hadith (sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad), Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), Arabic language, literature, poetry, history, and more. He became famous for his piety, learning, eloquence, generosity, justice, and humility. He was also known for his devotion to prayer, fasting, charity, and pilgrimage.
Career and Achievements of Umar bin Abdul Aziz
In 706 CE, Umar was appointed as the governor of the Hejaz region by Caliph Abd al-Malik. The Hejaz region included Mecca and Medina, which were the two holiest cities for Muslims. As a governor, Umar initiated several policies that later characterized his reign as a caliph. For example, he created a consultative body of pious men to aid him in his rule. He also improved the administration, security, welfare, education, and infrastructure of the region. He was especially concerned with protecting the rights and interests of the non-Arab Muslims (Mawali), who were often discriminated against by the Arab elite.
In 717 CE, Umar became the caliph by the will of his predecessor Caliph Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik. Sulayman chose him over his own son because he recognized his virtues and abilities. At that time, the Umayyad caliphate was facing various challenges from internal discontent and external threats. The Mawali and some Arab tribes were unhappy with the taxation system that favored Arabs over non-Arabs. The "pious opposition" also resented the Umayyads for putting political interests ahead of religious principles. Moreover, the Byzantine Empire was still a formidable enemy that posed a constant danger to the Muslim borders.
As a caliph, Umar implemented many reforms to address these issues and improve the conditions of the Muslims. Some of his notable reforms were:
He abolished or reduced many taxes that burdened the Mawali and granted them equal fiscal rights as Arab Muslims.
He ordered an official collection and compilation of Hadiths to preserve the authentic teachings of Prophet Muhammad.
He encouraged education for everyone regardless of their social status or gender.
He appointed qualified governors based on their merit rather than their lineage or loyalty.
He dismissed corrupt or oppressive officials and held them accountable for their actions.
He distributed wealth among the poor and needy rather than hoarding it for himself or his family.
He promoted justice and equality among all people regardless of their race or religion.
He supported missionary activities to spread Islam to other regions such as China and Tibet.
Umar also continued to expand the Muslim territory through military campaigns. However, he was more interested in consolidating rather than conquering new lands. He lifted his predecessor's disastrous siege of Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 718 CE after realizing that it was futile and costly. He also withdrew some troops from Central Asia and North Africa to focus on more strategic areas. However, under his rule, the Muslims achieved significant victories in Spain (al-Andalus), where they conquered many territories from the Christian kingdoms.
Death and Legacy of Umar bin Abdul Aziz
Umar died in February 720 CE near Aleppo in Syria after ruling for about two years. He was buried in Dayr Sim'an near Aleppo. According to some sources, he was poisoned by some members of his own family who were unhappy with his reforms. However, this claim is not confirmed by historical evidence.
In conclusion, Umar bin Abdul Aziz was a remarkable caliph who left a lasting impact on the Muslim Umayyad caliphate and the Islamic world. He was a pious and respected leader who tried to reform the society according to the Quran and Hadith. He was also a wise and generous ruler who improved the conditions of the Muslims and expanded the Muslim territory. He is widely regarded as a mujaddid (renewer) and a righteous caliph by many Muslims, especially Sunnis.
If you want to learn more about Umar bin Abdul Aziz and his life story, you can download the film Free Download Film Umar Bin Abdul Aziz for free from various online sources. This film is a biography of Umar bin Abdul Aziz that depicts his achievements and challenges as a caliph. It is a high-quality film that is informative and entertaining. You can watch it on your computer, smartphone, tablet, or TV.
To download the film for free, you can visit one of these websites:
https://archive.org/details/umarbinabdalaziz_201911: This website offers a free download of the film in English translation. You can also stream it online or read the transcript.
https://shahid.mbc.net/en/movies/Umar-Ibn-Abdul-Aziz/movie-946238: This website offers a free download of the film in Arabic with English subtitles. You can also watch it online or on the Shahid app.
We hope you enjoy watching this film and learning more about Umar bin Abdul Aziz. He was a great example of a Muslim leader who followed the teachings of Islam and served his people with justice and compassion.
Here are some frequently asked questions about Umar bin Abdul Aziz or the film:
When did Umar bin Abdul Aziz rule as a caliph?
Umar bin Abdul Aziz ruled as a caliph from 717 to 720 CE. He was the eighth caliph of the Umayyad dynasty.
What are some of the reforms that Umar bin Abdul Aziz implemented as a caliph?
Some of the reforms that Umar bin Abdul Aziz implemented as a caliph were: abolishing or reducing taxes that burdened the non-Arab Muslims (Mawali), ordering an official collection and compilation of Hadiths, encouraging education for everyone, appointing qualified governors based on merit, dismissing corrupt or oppressive officials, distributing wealth among the poor and needy, promoting justice and equality among all people, and supporting missionary activities to spread Islam.
How did Umar bin Abdul Aziz die?
Umar bin Abdul Aziz died in February 720 CE near Aleppo in Syria. According to some sources, he was poisoned by some members of his own family who were unhappy with his reforms. However, this claim is not confirmed by historical evidence.
Why is Umar bin Abdul Aziz considered as a mujaddid (renewer) and a righteous caliph?
Who are some of the sources that narrate the life and achievements of Umar bin Abdul Aziz?
Some of the sources that narrate the life and achievements of Umar bin Abdul Aziz are: Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary, Ibn Kathir's Al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya (The Beginning and the End), Ibn al-Jawzi's Sifat al-Safwa (The Characteristics of the Chosen Ones), Al-Dhahabi's Siyar A'lam al-Nubala (The Lives of Noble Figures), and Al-Suyuti's Tarikh al-Khulafa (The History of the Caliphs).
What are some of the benefits of watching the film Free Download Film Umar Bin Abdul Aziz?
Some of the benefits of watching the film Free Download Film Umar Bin Abdul Aziz are: learning more about Umar bin Abdul Aziz and his life story, getting inspired by his example and achievements, appreciating the history and culture of Islam and the Umayyad caliphate, and enjoying a high-quality film that is informative and entertaining.